A Guide To The Most Prevalent Specialist Cyber Security Fields

Cyber security is immensely important to the continued smooth running of computer networks. It is a very broad industry composed of many different specialist areas. Here is a very brief guide to some of the most prevalent fields within the cyber security industry. If a business is to protect its digital assets, then all of these areas must be taken into consideration.

Cloud Security 

Cloud security companies specialize in – you guessed it – making cloud computing networks safe for use by organizations and individuals. Cloud computing has many advantages over on-site hardware computing, but it does come with its own set of unique security risks. Not least among these risks is the amount of data in transit cloud computing entails. Data is very vulnerable when it is in transit between a remote server and an end-user. For this reason, cloud security companies usually advise clients on the most secure ways that they can encrypt their data when it is in transit.

Intrusion Detection

For threats to be neutralized, they have to be detected within a system. The most malicious threat software often succeeds because it is extremely hard to detect. Intrusion Detection Systems are developed to trawl through networks in an attempt to locate threats. Monitoring all traffic coming into a network from the outside, a good IDS prevents malware from taking hold.

The overall purpose of an Intrusion Detection System is to alert IT professionals about the possibility that a network may be compromised – allowing them to take action.

Penetration Testing

Penetration testing is the most glamorous field in cyber security. Penetration testers are essentially ethical hackers. They are hired by businesses to find and exploit any weaknesses in their cyber security provisions. Hiring penetration testing experts is usually the last stage of a security implementation plan: designed more to assure clients of a system’s security as opposed to exposing gaping holes in a defense system. Ideally, clients should know the kind of exploits the penetration tester will find before they begin to do so. Any unknown exploits found during penetration testing are bad news: they mean that the security has been poorly planned out.

Data Governance, Risk, And Compliance 

Data governance, risk, and compliance is a field concerned with the creation and adherence to protocols for the input and output of data to and from a network. These protocols are written to minimize the risk of losing sensitive information or gaining malicious software.

Endpoint Protection

Endpoint protection is an important consideration for organizations that work with spread-out networks. The ‘endpoint’ in question can be a mobile phone, personal computer, or any other device that can input or receive output to or from a network. Traditionally, these endpoints have been seen as vulnerable points in any network. If a mobile phone with access to sensitive data is compromised, then an entire network can be bought to its knees. Endpoint protection services exist to prevent the compromising of the devices people use to actually access networks.

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